San Falcione

san falcione

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San Falcione

The Rock Church is visited by guided tours departing from CEA or through the guides in the Basilicata region during the opening hours of the CEA.

Between the 9th and 10th centuries the recurring pattern of Byzantine cave Church is to, with a rectangular or square classroom with smooth walls from which the presbyterial area leads through two arches supported by a central pillar.
To this group belongs the church of St. Rock Canyon, better known as San Falcione, due to the first italo-Greek monastic communities existing in ’ area around the ninth century, and that is one of the most ancient Rupestrian churches of Matera. Located in a small blade, is immediately recognizable by the perimeter wall built only in 800 by counts ’ Kittens, that patrol the complex grottale to fold. The church, whose floor is lowered from the original,are still visible two frescoes of St. Nicholas, a pillar of the entrance to the sanctuary and another on the right wall of the church.
The wall that houses the altar was once legible the fresco of the Presentation in the Temple. Were clearly visible S. Joseph, the Madonna and child, S. Simeon and Anna the prophetess who with one hand bless the child and with the other held a correspondence with the inscription in Greek: "the Infant toũto heaven and the (Earth) edimioyrgise ", che vuol dire: "Questo cielo creò il Bambino e la terra".

The presence of this ’ fresco can be inferred that in the Church's worship was celebrated “Presentation of Jesus at the temple”  che nella tradizione cristiana ed ebraica viene officiata nel quarantesimo giorno dalla nascita di Gesù, i.e. the 2 by February. During this feast, commonly known as “Candlemas” even today the faithful repeat the ritual candles offer the gods at the end of a procession with the image of Mary and child.

The complex of caves and niches excavated that are spread around the Church was one of the many pecchiare disseminated on murgia, in the Sassi and the ’ entire agro materano until the 19th century, cioe’ an Apiary. In the niches, sheltered from the rain, the cold winds from the North and dell ’ excessive summer heat, the hives were built in stone and wood of ferula tuffaceous. Tale attività era di enorme importanza sia per la produzione del miele che della cera utile proprio alla realizzazione delle candele.

Outside the church can be traced numerous tombs, others might be inside and on the plateau above.