Rural structures


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Rock churches
Rural structures
The Murgia Materana Park


A large part of the history of the murgian is readable by rural structures that are the testimony of age-old agro-pastoral activities.
Starting from casali cave, entire villages excavated medieval along the slopes of ravines, to organize and engage in agricultural production and livestock ’.
These farmhouses are structured in stables, deposits, barns, fogge, Liquids, drinking troughs, Wells, and canals dug into the rock to bring you the most possible amount of water to the sand and then the tanks. A precious mosaic of artefacts that tells us even today the culture of a people close all ’ use of the scarce and valuable natural resources. All ’ within many hamlets are also the Rock Church with its baptismal and burial.

In later periods, Since the ’ age federiciana, Angevin and then, aragonese, e soprattutto dalla dominazione spagnola, l ’ agrarian economy based on the large estate is organized in a hierarchical manner around the masseria, a corporate centre evolved, in which we find functional and architectural elements of buildings typical of the urban town (towers and walls, inner courtyard, Manor House, accommodation of employees, deposits, Wells, ovens, Chapel…).

Employee from the masseria, the jazzo was the structure specific to l ’ rearing sheep and herds. Generally fortified and built upon land sloping towards the conveyance of solid and liquid manure to gather in concimaie, In addition to the jazzo is manufactured for the animals, even the locals for milking, the processing and storage of cheese, l ’ alloggio dei pastori or herdsmen.